AL-ILM-Journal 2021-12-20T02:11:06+00:00 Editor Open Journal Systems <p><strong>“AL-ILM”</strong> is a trilingual (Arabic, Urdu, English) research journal of the Institute of Arabic &amp; Islamic Studies, Govt. College Women University, Sialkot, which is published biannually from 2017. This has been issued on paper and is being issued electronically from 2018 onward. This journal publishes the innovative and creative research articles related to different aspects of Islam. However, the Socio- Religious Papers related to Contemporary issues of the Muslim World will be highly appreciated.<br />The main aim and goal of <strong>“AL-ILM”</strong> is to promote quality research in areas of Islamic Studies in Arabic, Urdu and English. The major features of <strong>“AL-ILM”</strong> are to conduct the research on contemporary issues related to Quran and Uloom ul Quran, Hadith and Uloom ul Hadith, Fiqh and Uloom ul Fiqh, Seerat ul Nabi and Fiqh ul Seerah and other relevant branches of Islamic Studies.Another objective of <strong>“AL-ILM”</strong> is to facilitate researchers and the scholars of Pakistani and foreign universities to publish and promote their research output internationally. The Journal will provide the guidelines for public and specially the researchers to enhance their knowledge and skills to discuss and analyze the contemporary issues and find its solution. <strong>“AL-ILM”</strong> strictly follows the rules and regulations set by HEC for journals.</p> Advisory & Editorial Boards 2021-12-20T01:02:06+00:00 Editor <p>Advisory &amp; Editorial Boards</p> 2020-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Tafseer e Quran Aur Dalaalat e Siyaaq 2021-12-20T01:02:07+00:00 Dr. Noreen Butt <p>The importance of context in exegesis of the Qur'an has always been well-appreciated by commentators. Sahaba, Tabeen and tab- e- Tabeen, often used this method of commentary. Although it has been an important method of exegesis but as a technical term Imam Shafi'i, a technical scholar, first established a regular chapter in his book alRusala for this method. What matters in the verse will be included in Context? The opinions of the modern researchers differ, in the view of some The context is limited to the connectivity of the dialogue only while in opinion of some scholars, context is also encompassed motives and circumstance along with words and phrases. Despite this debate, interpretation with context indications is an important form of commentary.</p> 2020-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Naboowat o Risaalat Say Mutaelik “Tibyaan Alfurqaan” Kay Kalaami Mubaahas Ka Jaaiza 2021-12-20T02:10:59+00:00 Hafiz Shokat & Saeed Ahmad Saeedi <p>The most dominated and respectful creature among all are the human beings. The best among the humans are those who are selected by the ALLAH Almighty to deliver his message to the masses. Their qualities, knowledge and other aspects are different from other human beings . They are prophets and belief on all the prophets is the part of faith. Disbelievers refuse the status of prophecy by sayings there is no need of prophets to make a connection with God. On the other hand, prophet’s divine revelation is the message of creator that is for both life and hereafter. Its dignity and purity still meaningful for the humanity to achieve success in every field of life. This paper compiles the concepts of prophecy and its different aspect and also presents content which is denying the beliefs of disbelievers with reference to Tibyan ul Furqan.</p> 2020-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Tareekh Alkabeer” Ka Taaruf Aur Is Mai Imam Buhari Ka Manhaj o Asloob 2021-12-20T02:11:03+00:00 Rizwan Ali & Zahoor ullah Alazhari <p>ʿIlm Al Rijāl (A discipline of Islamic religious studies within hadith terminology in which the narrators of hadith are evaluated) is a basic and value able discipline in the field of Hadith &amp;Ulūm Al Hadith. All Muhaddithīn are strongly agreed on this fact that non-existence of this discipline of study may permit to any person to say anything at any time in the matter of Hadith. So, ʿIlm Al Rijāl has secured the sayings of Prophet Muhammad PBUH and his companions RA as well as it also provided us biographies of half million Narrators of Hadith from the early period of Islam. ImāmBukhārī is a famous and important figure among those Muhaddithīn who provided their services in this discipline. As such ImāmBukhārī compiled many books on Aqā’id , Tafsīr , Hadith and ethics etc, he also wrote almost ten books(Al Tārīkh Al Kabīr , Al Tārīkh Al Ausat, Al Tārīkh Al Saghīr, Al Kunā, Al Duʿāfā Al Saghīr, Asāmā Al ṣahāba, Kitāb Al Waḥdān, Kitāb Al ʿilal, Al Duʿāfā Al Kabīr, and Al Mashikha) on ʿIlm Al Rijāl. In this article I’ll try to find out and explain the methodology of imam bukhari in his basic and majestic book “Al Tārīkh Al Kabīr” with narration of its value ability, popularity and necessary introduction.</p> 2020-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Seerat ul Nabi (Saw) Kalaam e Iqbal Kay Aaenay Mai 2021-12-20T02:11:05+00:00 Shagufta Firdous & Yasmeen <p>Mankind was introduced to Islam by the our beloved prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him). Allah acknowledged greatness of this precious Being in the Qur'an and made his obedience necessary with His obedience. His praise has been the favorite subject of our Ummah. In every period and era, scholars and poets paid tribute to his charismatic personality in their own styles. One of the great names of them is Allama Iqbal who is devoted to his love of the Holy Prophet (PBUH). Especially in his poetry he presented his comprehensiveness and integrity as a practical model of the Qur'anic teaching. Iqbal's poetry presents Holy Prophet's (PBUH) character as example for the Ummah. Iqbal strongly desired mankind and especially Muslims to follow Holy Prophet's (PBUH) teaching to succeed in this world and hereafter</p> 2020-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Euthanasia Ki Akhlaaqi Hesiiyat: Tajaziyati Motaaleh 2021-12-20T02:11:05+00:00 Maryam Saleem & Sumaira Rabia <p>Euthanasia is getting popular day by day and it's proponents present different argument in favor of it's ethical justification. According to them it is the basic right of every human being to decide about its life and death. If life becomes unbearably painful it's better to die rather to live in such conditions. we have the right to end our life if its standard become low and we become a burden on our family, relatives and society. Moreover its against the kindness that we allow to live patients with incurable and painful diseases. But the teachings of Quran and Sunnah donot justify these arguments of proponents of Euthanasia. We donot have any right to end our lives whenever and in whatever way we want. Life is a gift given to us by Allah so only Allah has the right to decide it's end.</p> 2020-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Sharaah Al Shaatbiyaa Limulaa Ali Qari : Taarufi, Tajaziyati o Taqabali Motaaleh 2021-12-20T02:11:06+00:00 Hafiz Hassan & Humayun Abbas <p>The holy Quran, the last revealed book on the last prophet, is a source of guidance for the universe. The Book is descended in seven tones (Saba'a Huroof) for the facilitation of the ummah in reading and understanding. The Holy Prophet PBUH himself taught his companion to read it in these tones. Travelling from person to person, when this came to the process of collection and compilation many books were composed. Touching the zenith of popularity the book of qirat Al_Taseer, attained a special place in the study of qira'. Then its explanations and precis came to public. Among them Al-Hirz ul Amani, arrained a special place ، even it replaced that and occupied Al_Taseer 's place. Due to its popularity and rank in the court of Allah and his prophet, to make its comprehension public and to get benefit of it, every skilled writer wrote its explanation. Mullah_Ali Al_Qari occupies a special place in the tones of Quran. He also wrote an explanatory book on it that is unavailable publicly. No doubt this book is special among the books of past on the same topic and a source of guidance for the coming works. This article provides an introduction and characteristics of this book. It also provides a comparative study with other explanatory notes.</p> 2020-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Moeaasharti Msaalehat Mai Hail Rakawaten Aur In Ka Tadaruk Seerat Tayeebah Ki Roshani Mai 2021-12-20T02:11:06+00:00 Hafiz Muhammad Shafique & Muhammad Arshad <p>Hindrances in Social Reconciliation and their Eradication in perspective of Fiqh-ul –Alseerah is the title of this article. Violation of basic human rights, unreal behaviors, superiority of the male in domestic affairs, reluctance in accepting women rights, lust for permanence of leadership, intolerance and sentimentalism, lack of arbitration, communication gap between the parties, imbalance in division of legacy, imbalance of power and authority, bias and hostility are the factors of these hindrances. Suggestions to resolve hindrances in reconciliation have been proposed in perspective of Islamic Teachings. Islamic concept of reconciliation should be highlighted and the role of reconciliation council should be made more effective.</p> 2020-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Bain Al Msaalik Hm Aahangi Kay Asool wa Hasool e Eitehaad Kay Lie Tajaaweez 2021-12-20T02:11:06+00:00 Allouddin Sarang & Tahira Firdous <p>Unity has an immense role in developing nations and achieving higher goals. Unity in Muslim Ummah is one of the basic and major issues of the time. The increasing sectarian ethnocentrism has covered and freckled the fundamental teachings of Islam. In today’s era Muslim Ummah is suffering from various major and minor problems and the fundamental reasons of their problems are seatrain hatred, difference of opinions in creeds, lust for power and fame, intolerance etc. All these problems took scattered Muslim Ummah into pieces and made them to fight on minor issues based on only difference of opinions. On the other hand the enemies of Muslim Ummah are united and fully aware that their strength lies in the disunity of Muslims. Moreover they are steeped in dividing Muslims into different sects and groups. It is a historical fact that in every age Muslims were disunited and disintegrated to weaken them. It is only possible when Ummah unites in one plate form. At the same time it is the responsibility of the Muslim rulers to play their role in for Muslim unity and Universal Brotherhood.</p> 2020-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Asr-e-Hazir Mai Sfaarat Kari Ky Asool o Zwaabit: Seerat Tayeebah Ka Itlaaqi Motaaleh 2021-12-20T02:11:06+00:00 Fayyaz Ahmad Farooq <p>Diplomacy is a reflection of the values of nations and peoples, their cultural and civilization specificities, political choices, and their religious precepts and traditions. It is a portrait of the past, a reflection of the present and a vision of the future.. Diplomacy can be defined as the art and science of conducting international relations. Diplomacy according to the Islamic Shari'ah is one of the best ways to show the Islamic values, merits and advantages in conducting international affairs with non-Muslims. This research article explores the principles and tools of diplomacy used by Prophet in the first Islamic State of Madinah, and also to analyze the foundations and objectives of Islamic diplomacy. It further discusses briefly diplomacy under rightly guided Caliphs and also under Banu Umayyad. Keeping in view the discussed principles and tools, Pakistan can establish better relationship with other countries, achieve interests of the state and protect the rights of its citizens</p> 2020-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Tareekh e Islaam Kay Do Mutzaad Pehloo: Taaleemat Nabawi Ki Roshani Mai Aik Mwazana 2021-12-20T01:02:09+00:00 Zubair Zafar <p>The History of Islam encompasses a period of nearly 15 centuries. In this long period Muslim Ummah gone through many phases. At one time they are politically stable and played an active role in politics and social construction. Their political power eclipsed other world powers. At that time muslim world observed integrity and prosperity and played vital role in international affairs. While on other times it become so weak and fragile that they were overpowered by other world power, their cities were destroyed, millions of Muslims killed ruthlessly and properties confiscated and they were defenseless. There adverseries do whatever they want to harm them. However Muslims claim that we are the true followers of Allah and his religion and Allah promised to assist us but why Allah do not help them when they were targetted by their adverseries on certain points of History. In this essy a humble attempt has been made to compare the two phases of Islamic History in the light of Quran and Muslim behaviour.</p> 2020-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Al Amaal Alkheriyah Al Ijtmaaeeyah Fi Zoo Alseerah Al Nabwiyah 2021-12-20T01:02:09+00:00 Wael Aly Saeed <p>One of the etiquette of Islam and the virtuous values that religion has entrenched is the urge to do charitable work, and to consider it as a worship of the worshipers, and many generous verses have been mentioned calling for and urging him, including from the Almighty saying: “O you who believe, kneel, kneel, worship, and worship you.” Hajj 77. In the Prophet’s biography, there are hundreds of examples and situations in which the Holy Prophet’s initiative appears to do good deeds, and his companions encouraged him to do so, especially since Islam considered zakat and charity as matters related to faith, and the research deals with the following axes: The concept of charitable social work: -Areas of charitable work (orphan care - widow care - patient care - preparing the dead - caring for the homeless from the Muslims - breakfast of the fasting person - spending needs - spreading knowledge - reform among the litigants - planting trees) Among the sources of financing charitable work: (donations - ongoing charity - Zakat) Bright examples of charitable work from the Prophet's era: (Abu Bakr - Omar bin Al-Khattab - Abu Talha - Abu Al-Dahdah ) The impact of charitable work on comprehensive development (morally - economically - socially) The most important findings and recommendations: 1- We need a jurisprudence of reality to save the Islamic world from its problems, and to establish a culture of charitable work from the most important duties of that stage that he is going through. 2-. The necessity for Muslims to know that the revival of this religion can only be by making money, effort and time, and sacrificing all cheap and precious. 3- One of the conditions for charitable work: impartiality, loyalty - organization - training.</p> 2020-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Sharaah “Baez Alnaas” Al Mazkoor Fi Al Jameeh Al Saheeh Lil Bukhari Motaaleh Tehqeeqiyah, Baab Al Zakawat 2021-12-20T01:02:10+00:00 Asia Rasheed & Umair <p>Hadith is the second primary source of Shariah and Islam. In literally it means‘‘to talk” something. In terminological it means “saying, action and deeds, and silent approval by the Prophet Hazrat Muhammad S.A.W of the action or practice of his companion”. From the age of Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad S.A.W to the third century many people compiled Ahadith in various forms. One of them is Al Jami,a- Al-Sahih which is written by Imam Muhammad Bin Ismail Al Bukhari R.A. It is also the first book in the chain of six most authentic books of Ahadith, which are known as Siha-e-Sittah (سته صحاح. (It contains various aspects of Islam such as: beliefs, organs of Islam, social aspects, economical aspects, history and life of prophets. It has its own significance because of its methodology. With the narration of Ahadith the compiler narrates views of different scholars related the topic and sometime narrates his own views. Spiritually it is beneficial for reader. Imam Bukhari R.A describes a term “Baad-Al-Naas”)الناس بعد )at twenty seven places in different chapters of his book. The objective of this research is to explain the views of Imam Bukhari about “Baad-AlNaas”)الناس بعد )mentioned in the chapter of zakat. This term is described three times in the above mentioned chapter.</p> 2020-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Stylistic Analysis of the Surah Al-Asr and its Thematic Implication 2021-12-20T01:02:10+00:00 ShahidaParveen, Muhammad Rashid Hafeez, Muhammad Shahbaz <p>Stylistics is a multidisciplinary approach that aims to foreground the peculiar properties of texts on the basis of language and derive hidden and in depth meanings to figure out major and minor themes. The evident fact that makes Stylistic a multidisciplinary approach is its retrievable, rigorous and replicable principles. The present study aims to explore the stylistic features of the Surah Al Asr from the Holy Quran at various levels. Surah Al Asr is the most comprehensive Surah of the Holy Quran that is composed of only three verses yet the strongest one in its influence and themes. Al-Shafi said, “If the people were to reflect upon Surat al-‘Asr, it would be enough for them”,1 Stylistics as a scientific discipline is helping to interpret literary text logically based on linguistic evidence. The Surah has been analyzed on different levels of stylistics: Graphological, Phonological, Morphological, Semantic, Pragmatics and Discourse level. The connotative and denotative meanings of the surah have been explored to get the complete understanding of the poem. The stylistic analysis of the surah reflects the main idea that is the transiency of human life and permanency of good deeds.This study strengthens the belief that the study of stylistics is beneficial for the thorough understanding of any text.</p> 2020-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Impacts of Repetitive Refrains Upon Human Thought and Comprehension: An Exegetical Discourse from Qur’ānic Perspective 2021-12-20T01:02:12+00:00 Muhammad Ashfaq, Manzoor Ahmad Al Azhari <p>The pivotal discourse around which this paper revolves is the repetitive refrains mentioned in the Holy Qur’ān and its impact upon human thought and psyche. This study highlights important features of repetition in the light of Sūrah AshShu‘arā’ and Sūrah al-Raḥmān concerning Da‘wah, guidance and multiples expressions of natural phenomena inviting towards reality. We may observe that how Scripture invites human’s intellect calling, inspiring and motivating it towards what is required to be done positively? Is the repetitive refrains are the need of Da‘wah and invitation to be conveyed showing its manifold facets towards human nature or not? Employing analytical method, it may be estimated that repetition is required up to what extent to divulge multiple aspects of stated guidance (hidāyah) required to be grasped. This paper finds that repetition is an important and fundamental aspect close to human nature. This study concludes that repetition may cause to focus upon the message laden with the verses before each reiteration associated with aesthetic reflection. Repetition is necessary to remember and stabilize truth in the minds and heart while on the other hand it results to acquire understanding that how repetition is purposeful confronting the objections of opponents in this regard.</p> 2020-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Religious Marginalization/ Othering of Pakistani Women in Islamabad Blues by Ladurner 2021-12-20T01:02:12+00:00 Amna Saeed, Zukhruf Gul <p>The aim of this qualitative research is to investigate the religious marginalization/othering of Pakistani women in the memoir Islamabad Blues (2004) by Ladurner. This research introspects Pakistani women’s oppression and marginalization as others by Eastern patriarchal system and Western imperialistic perspective in the selected text. The epistemology for this research is postcolonial feminism. The selected theoretical framework is Mohanty’s Under Western Eyes (1984) and Said’s notion of othering from Orientalism (1978). Textual analysis is selected as a method of analysis with a focus on the most likely interpretations of the text. According to McKee’s Textual Analysis (2003), every text should focus on ‘contextualization’. Without taking into account the exact socio-cultural context, one cannot assert one’s own self as right/superior and the other as wrong/inferior in a text. McKee’s contextualization works as a lens to highlight that the Eastern context of culture and religious teachings are not taken into account while constructing Eastern women’s identity in the selected text ultimately marginalizing them on the basis of religion.</p> 2020-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021